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Becoming a Teacher in Canada: A Comprehensive Guide

Becoming a Teacher in Canada: A Comprehensive Guide


Making the decision to become a teacher in Canada is the first step towards a rewarding career in education. This path, filled with opportunities to make a difference in young lives, requires understanding the educational landscape, meeting specific requirements, and embracing challenges along the way. As you set out on this journey, it's essential to be well-informed about the steps involved, from receiving the necessary education to navigating the job market. Beginning with educational requirements, our comprehensive guide will outline everything you need to know to become a teacher in Canada.

Quick Facts:

  • To become a teacher in Canada, you need to complete an undergraduate degree, a teacher education program, and a background check before applying for certification in the province you plan to teach

  • It varies between provinces but it typically takes 5-6 years to become a certified teacher

  • Salaries for teachers in Canada vary but teachers can expect to earn between $50,000 and $100,000 annually

Educational Requirements

In this field, prospective teachers must understand the educational prerequisites. To embark on a career in education in Canada, one must complete a series of educational steps designed to ensure that aspiring teachers are well-prepared to provide high-quality education. This section will delve into the essential educational requirements, including obtaining a Bachelor's degree, completing a teacher education program, and acquiring provincial certification. Education is provincially regulated so requirements may vary from province to province.

Bachelor's Degree

To become a teacher, you must obtain a bachelor’s degree of three to four years. Ideally, the degree you choose will be related to the subject you want to teach, but this is not mandatory. Many students will follow an undergraduate program and then move on to Teacher’s College (more on that below). Alternatively, you can complete a concurrent education program.

Concurrent Education Programs

For those who know from the get-go that they want to be a teacher, a concurrent education program could be ideal. Offered by nearly 20 Canadian universities, this program allows you to earn two degrees simultaneously. Specializing in your level(s) of choice (primary, junior, intermediate, senior), you will work towards a degree in the subject of your choice combined with a Bachelor of Education (BEd). A BEd provides the essential knowledge and skills needed for a career in teaching. It covers useful topics, from pedagogy to classroom management tips, preparing aspiring teachers for the challenges ahead. Students partake in practical classroom teaching experiences as part of the concurrent approach. Concurrent education programs typically take 5-6 years to complete. With the Teacher Education Program built right in, this is the most direct way to become a teacher in Canada.


Teacher Education Program

For those opting for the consecutive approach, a teacher education program takes place after obtaining a post-secondary degree. These programs offer specialized training, focusing on teaching methods, student assessment, and curriculum development. These are crucial for developing the practical skills needed for effective teaching. Each Canadian province offers Teacher Education Programs. Visit the website below to discover the many education programs available across the country.

Education Programs in Canada 

Provincial Certification

Certification requirements can vary from province to province and can change with time. This certification is evidence of a teacher's qualification and readiness to teach within the province. It involves assessments and may require additional training or examinations. Typically, to become a certified teacher in Canada, applicants must have an undergraduate degree, complete a teacher education program, undergo a criminal record or background check, and in some cases do additional training such as Ontraio’s sexual abuse prevention program before submitting a certification application. Understanding the certification process in your province is crucial. 

For more detailed information on the specific requirements in each province, visit the links below.

Alberta Education

British Columbia Ministry of Education Teacher Regulation Branch 

Manitoba Education

New Brunswick Department of Education and Early Childhood Development 

Newfoundland and Labrador Teacher Certification Office 

Northwest Territories Department of Education, Culture, and Employment 

Nova Scotia Office of Teacher Certification 

Nunavut Department of Education 

Ontario College of Teachers

Prince Edward Island Department of Education and Lifelong Learning 

Quebec: Ministère de l'Éducation et de l'Enseignement 

Saskatchewan Professional Teachers Regulatory Board 

Yukon Department of Education 

Don’t miss our blog about Becoming a Teacher in Ontario and stay tuned for detailed blogs about becoming a teacher in other provinces and territories.

Gaining Practical Experience

Beyond understanding the educational prerequisites, being immersed in practical teaching environments is an essential part of the journey to becoming a teacher in Canada. The invaluable experience gained from hands-on learning provides insights into classroom dynamics, lesson planning, and student engagement. Both the concurrent and consecutive routes provide such opportunities.

Student Teaching Placements

As mentioned, student teaching placements are built into the teacher education programs in Canada. They offer practical teaching experience and allow aspiring educators to apply their theoretical knowledge in real-world settings. By collaborating with experienced teachers, students gain firsthand experience in lesson planning, student assessment, and classroom management. It's a chance to refine teaching skills and build confidence in a supportive environment. 


Volunteering Opportunities

Beyond teaching placements, there are plenty of opportunities to gain practical experience in educational settings. Whether volunteering in local schools, participating in community education or recreation programs, or engaging in educational outreach, these opportunities allow aspiring teachers to observe classroom dynamics, interact with students, and contribute to educational initiatives. Volunteering experience can enhance your resume by showcasing your passion for education and community service, making you a well-rounded candidate for teaching positions.

Additional Certifications

In today's job market, additional certifications can help you stand out. These certifications might focus on specialized teaching methods, educational technology trends, or specific subject areas. Obtaining additional certifications shows a dedication to professional development and a willingness to meet the diverse needs of students. It's an investment in your career which can enrich your teaching practice and open new doors.


Becoming a teacher in Canada is a rewarding journey requiring dedication, passion, and a commitment to lifelong learning. As you embark on this fulfilling career, remember that Jobs in Education is here to support you every step of the way. From finding your first teaching position to advancing your career, our platform offers a wealth of resources to help you succeed and shape the future of education in Canada.

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