Blog > Inclusive Education

Empowering Minds Through Student Agency

Empowering Minds Through Student Agency

Student agency refers to the capacity and ability of students to take an active role in their learning, making decisions that influence their educational experience. This concept not only benefits students, it reshapes the dynamic between learners and educators. In the past, we used terms like “co-construction” and establishing a culture of inquiry to foster independent skills. Now, the concept of student agency is elevating this approach to a new level.

Benefits of Student Agency

1. Ownership of Learning: Student agency instills a sense of ownership in learners. When students actively participate in decision-making processes, they feel a greater sense of responsibility for their learning outcomes.

2. Intrinsic Motivation: By prompting students to choose topics of interest, set goals, and set the pace of their learning, educators tap into intrinsic motivation. This internal drive boosts engagement and enthusiasm, promoting authentic learning at a deeper level.  

3. Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills: Student agency nurtures critical thinking as students make choices and face challenges. When students are encouraged to think independently, analyze information, and solve problems, they develop skills that extend far beyond the classroom. 

4. Personalized Learning: Each student is unique. Student agency facilitates personalized learning experiences. They explore subjects based on their interests, learning styles, and pace, leading to a more tailored approach. 

5. Preparation for Real-life: The ability to make decisions, solve problems, and take responsibility for one's actions are essential life skills. Student agency prepares individuals for the complexities of the real world, equipping them with the resilience and adaptability needed for success.


How Student Agency Works

Choice and Autonomy:

Empowering students involves offering choices in what and how they learn. This includes the selection of a project based on personal interest, exploration of relevant resources, and determination of an appropriate assessment method. Offering autonomy fosters a sense of control over learning, enhancing accountability. 

  1. Goal Setting: Foster a culture of goal-setting among students, prompting them to establish both short and long-term objectives. This strategic roadmap offers clear direction, enabling students to visualize the direct link between their efforts and personal motivation, ultimately inspiring them to strive for success.

  1. Reflection and Feedback: Regular reflection on learning experiences, paired with constructive feedback, allows students to assess progress, identify areas for improvement, and celebrate achievements. This learning cycle is essential for continuous growth. 

  1. Collaboration: Student agency doesn't exist in isolation. Collaborative learning experiences enable students to share ideas, work together on projects, and learn from each other. This promotes a sense of community and collective accountability for the learning environment.

What Teachers Can Do:

  1. Teachers act as facilitators:  Guide students in their learning rather than providing instructions. Developing a framework for exploration and creativity places responsibility on the student.

  2. Create a Supportive Environment: Establish a classroom culture that values student input and encourages risk-taking. Students need to feel safe to express their opinions and take ownership of their learning. 

  3. Offer Varied Learning Opportunities: Incorporate diverse learning methods, projects, and assessments to meet the needs of different learning styles. This variety accommodates the individual preferences of students, increasing engagement and agency. 

  4. Provide Tools for Self-Assessment: Equip students with tools and strategies for self-assessment. This includes setting realistic goals, reflecting on progress, and seeking constructive feedback.

Translating to Real-Life:

As students graduate and step into the workforce, the skills cultivated through student agency become increasingly valuable. The ability to adapt, think critically, collaborate, and take ownership of work are attributes highly sought after by employers and essential to doing well.

Education systems are increasingly embracing and promoting student agency and observing paradigm shifts in instructional pedagogy. Students will increasingly be equipped with the skills to address complex challenges. By fostering student agency, we not only prepare individuals for an evolving future but also contribute to the development of a society that values lifelong learning, innovation, and personal accountability.

Discover inclusive education benefits by clicking here.

Click here to begin your job search.

Have more questions about starting or navigating your career? Send your questions to Nina at

Meet the author:

Nina Jaiswal, an Educational Consultant and former Superintendent of Education, offers valuable insights for educators, both experienced and new. As an expert witness in school liability, discipline matters, compliance, and policy, her perspective is essential for understanding the complexities of education. In addition to consultancy, Nina dedicates her expertise to coaching staff at all levels, focusing on career growth, promotion preparation, leadership development, and competency strengthening in educational matters.

With over 13 years on the Accreditation Review Panel for the Ontario College of Teachers and a history of teaching at the University of Toronto and York University, Nina's voice is grounded in extensive experience. She has significantly contributed to professional learning at the Ontario Public Supervisory Officers’ Association (OPSOA) and served as a coach for the Ontario Principals' Council. Recognized for impactful partnerships with community agencies and families, Nina is a driving force behind fostering public confidence and elevating student achievement.  

Nina's writing is an indispensable resource for anyone eager to delve into the dynamic world of education.